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Using inheritance and composition






  • Inheritance is used for
    • Code resuse
    • To support polymorphism
  • Disadvantages of inheritance
    • Difficult to change the interaface of the subclass
    • Superclass is always instantiated
    • Can get complex and unmanageable
  • Composition is used for code reuse
  • Disadvantages of composition
    • We cannot use polymorphism
    • We cannot extend the system by adding subclasses
    • May have a slight performance overhead
  • Usage
    • Inheritance: IS- A
    • Composition: HAS - A





















Example 1



public class Car {



    private Engine engine;



    public void start() {}



    public void stop() {}







public class SUV extends Car{



    public void start() {} //overrides the start method from Car

 



    public void fourByFourMode() {}



}







Example 2:



public void someMethod() {

    Car c = new SUV();

    c.start();

}







Example 3:



public class Car {



    private Engine engine;



    public void start() {

      engine.start();

        //maybe do something more

    }



    public void stop() {}



}




Java2html




Resources:



Note: This post was originally posted on my blog at http://www.adaptivelearningonline.net

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