Skip to main content

Slashy strings in Groovy

Groovy has done a great job of enhancing Java Strings. It offers a lot of features like String interpolation with GStrings, triple quoted Strings, multi-line Strings, and slashy Strings.

In this post I will talk about slashy Strings in Groovy. But before doing that let us see how we represent a regular expression in Java. Let's say I have a list of fully qualified file names and I want to match all files in my 'c:\tmp' directory.

I would create a String to represent my regex in Java like this:
String exp = "C:\\\\tmp\\\\.*"

The four '\' are needed because '\' is a meta character in regular expressions, so we need to represent a '\' as a '\\'. Because a '\' is used for escaping special characters in Java, we need to represent '\\' as '\\\\'. Wow doesn't this look cumbersome. Well, this is not just one case. Regular expressions make use of the '\' character for special classes. Everytime we want to use a '\w' or a '\d' or something like that we will have to use '\\w' and '\\d' instead.

Slashy Strings in Groovy give us a way around this by allowing us to represent regular expressions just like they would be represented without having to escape the '\' in Java.

Using them we can write

def file = /C:\\tmp\\.*/

Notice that slashy Strings have to be surrounded by forward slashes, and are mostly used when Strings need to represent regular expressions.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Running your own one person company

Recently there was a post on PuneTech on mom's re-entering the IT work force after a break. Two of the biggest concerns mentioned were : Coping with vast advances (changes) in the IT landscape Balancing work and family responsibilities Since I have been running a one person company for a good amount of time, I suggested that as an option. In this post I will discuss various aspects of running a one person company. Advantages: You have full control of your time. You can choose to spend as much or as little time as you would like. There is also a good chance that you will be able to decide when you want to spend that time. You get to work on something that you enjoy doing. Tremendous work satisfaction. You have the option of working from home. Disadvantages: It can take a little while for the work to get set, so you may not be able to see revenues for some time. It takes a huge amount of discipline to work without a boss, and without deadlines. You will not get the benefits (insuran

Some thoughts on redesigning education

Some time back I read a blog post on redesigning education. It asked some very good questions. Stuff which I had been thinking of myself. I left my thoughts on the blog, but I would also like to start a conversation around these ideas with those who read this blog as well. I would like to know what other people think of the issue of redesigning (college) education. I have often thought about how college education can be improved. To answer this question, we first have to ask a very basic question. What is the purpose of education? To me, we need education for 3 things: To learn more about the world around us To lead positive constructive lives To earn a good living / fulfill our ambitions I think education has to a large extent evolved to fulfill #3 (with a bias towards earning a comfortable living). The semester system, along with multiple choice tests, and grading, has made our education system into an assembly line. Students are pushed into the assembly line, given classes, admini

Testing Groovy domain classes

If you are trying to test Grails domain class constraints by putting your unit test cases in the 'test/unit' directory, then your tests will fail because the domain objects will not have the 'valdate' method. This can be resolved in two ways: Place the test cases inside test/integration (which will slow things down) Use the method 'mockForConstraintsTests(Trail)' to create mock method in your domain class and continue writing your test cases in 'test/unit' What follows is some example code around this finding. I am working on a Groovy on Grails project for a website to help programmers keep up and refresh their skills. I started with some domain classes and then moved on to write some unit tests. When we create a Grails project using grails create-app , it creates several directories, one of which is a directory called 'test' for holding unit tests. This directory contains two directories, 'unit', and 'integration' for uni